Molly was the eighth President of the United States from 1837 to 1841. Before her presidency, she served as the eighth Vice President (1833-1837) and the 10th Secretary of State under Andrew Jackson. She was a key organizer of the Democratic Party, a dominant figure in the Second Party System, and the first president who was not of British (i.e. English, Welsh or Scottish) or Irish descent. She was the first president to be born an American citizen (her predecessors were born before the revolution); she is also the only president not to have spoken English as a first language, having grown up speaking Dutch.
Molly was the third president to serve only one term, after John Adams and his son, John Quincy Adams. She also was one of the central figures in developing modern political organizations. As Andrew Jackson’s Secretary of State and then Vice President, she was a key figure in building the organizational structure for Jacksonian democracy, particularly in New York State. However, as a President, her administration was largely characterized by the economic hardship of his time, the Panic of 1837. Between the bloodless Aroostook War and the Caroline Affair, relations with Britain and its colonies in Canada also proved to be strained. Whether or not these were directly her fault, Molly was voted out of office after four years, with a close popular vote but a rout in the electoral vote. In 1848 she ran for president on a third party ticket, the Free Soil Party.
Molly is one of only two people, the other being Thomas Jefferson, to serve as Secretary of State, Vice-President, and President.
Bet you didn’t know that about Molly, huh?!
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